The difference of big vs. smaller government is not the difference of government vs. no government. But rather big government as the federal government and the smaller governments are the individual state governments. Today the feds are trying in my opinion, to take total control of all governments, for the purpose of one big government.
The founders wished for state governments to compete with other governments just as individual over seas countries do today. Each state would have the right to govern themselves on all the issues and as one unit they would support the fed government to do their jobs of (defense of all states in the USA, to have feds negotiate treaties with other countries, to set up a fair legal justice system and protect the individual property rights, oversee the financial system inter state banking so a common currency can be used.
Today the feds wish to get involved in the workings what used to be the job for each state to do for themselves. I see no exploitation of the employees by the employers to-day with current labor laws. No one is starving either, but there is still poverty, people still can go to get their big health emergencies at the hospitals for treatments, and society is already at the point of not being determined by race, class, or gender.
Without question the liberal democrat / republicans parties have led people down the road that they do not need to take responsibility in total for their own actions. Honestly some what promoting some moral decay of the social fabric of society. It is never good for young people to have kids just because they have the equipment to do so. If government was interested to do the job of looking out for the least among us, than new-born children should be of a higher concern in our society, they should be of a higher concern than teenager parents wishing to become a parent before they can even take care of themselves. People make mistakes and back in the days of our founding, the families of the day took care of these things at a financial cost to the family or the individuals themselves. In short personal responsibility for actions and self-control. The feds involvement in these social issues is what I call misguided charity (that’s a big issue on its own).
In short personal responsibilities, along with recognizing we live in a world where nothing is guaranteed, and there for, the government can’t fix all of the unfairness in life, by mans own choices or not. Freedom should give us freedom of choice, and along with that freedom, we have responsibility. It is for this reason that there will always be rich, as well as poor no mater what government does. The only question is how many will be rich, or middle class, or poor? With capitalism the poor have a chance to become rich, and with socialism far more people will be poor and have less of a chance of becoming anything else. Capitalism works only because there is a chance of failure, as well as having the freedom to choose failure if someone wishes to choose it so! Freedom requires excepting the consequences of the choices made, a government that wishes to erases these principles by setting up programs so that people do not have to take responsibilities for themselves, and their actions, or their choices, then that’s a government that’s to big, and up to no good! Big vs. small governments, is in the end only a question of individual freedom vs. socialism. With the history of socialism the choices are clear. It is easier to avoid responsibilities in the short-term with a social government, but it usually ends badly. ultimately you get what you pay for!
All the best!